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Larry Gorenflo
Professor, Eleanor R. Stuckeman Chair in Design
Larry Gorenflo
Penn State Landscape Architecture
Stuckeman School
432 Stuckeman
814.863.5337

Larry Gorenflo is a professor of both Landscape Architecture and Geography; and Faculty-in-Charge, Environmental Inquiry Minor. He also holds the Eleanor R. Stuckeman Chair in Design in the Stuckeman School.

Gorenflo is internationally recognized for his research that reveals opportunities for integrative conservation efforts, due to his research that identifies the co-occurrence of important linguistic or cultural conservation areas with key global biodiversity hot-spots. As the Eleanor R. Stuckeman Chair in Design he seeks to address the concern that as we approach the end of the second decade of the 21st century, our planet is losing natural and cultural heritage at rates virtually unknown in its past. In the face of such challenges, designed spaces are absolutely essential to maintaining the natural and human diversity on Earth. Gorenflo’s work explicitly addresses the problem of creating such spaces through examining apparent links between cultural and biological diversity in places that claim high levels of both. 

Education

  • B.A., Anthropology, The Pennsylvania State University, 1979 (With Highest Distinction)
  • M.A., Anthropology, The University of Michigan, 1981
  • Ph.D., Geography, University of California, Santa Barbara, 1985

Courses Taught

Gorenflo teaches both methodological topics and applied courses. The former includes LArch 311/321, the studio-seminar course on landscape systems that involves introducing geographic information system technology and basic concepts from landscape ecology and planning to problems in landscape architecture. Applied courses consist of depth studios, where he focuses on conservation planning and urban design with an ecological emphasis. At present, Gorenflo is involved in a multi-year depth studio that focuses on urban design in Baltimore; begun with Prof. Barry Kew, now at the University of Cincinnati, this course collaborates with the Baltimore Ecosystem Study (a National Science Foundation Long-Term Ecological Research project), the Baltimore Office of Sustainability, and the non-profit organization Parks and People. He also teaches seminars on conceptual topics, including cultural ecology and water use for people with nature -- in general keeping with the integration of designed human environments with their natural surroundings.

Beginning in 2010, Gorenflo joined Brian Orland in offering a triad of courses -- a depth studio, seminar, and colloquium -- in the context of a service-learning environment in south-central Tanzania. Based at Udzungwa Mountains National Park, this education abroad opportunity integrates students within a multi-year community design research effort that he now co-directs with Carter Hunt, Department of Recreation, Park, and Tourism Management. The aim of that research is to identify design solutions that help villages near the park meet their needs without compromising the remarkable biodiversity that characterizes the reserve. Summer activities vary, depending on the research requirements of a particular season, and involve roughly 12 students from different departments who engage in fieldwork in addition to  classroom and studio work.

Research

Gorenflo's research interests focus on how people adapt to their natural and cultural surroundings, in both present and past contexts and at scales usually ranging from landscapes to regions. Much of this work involves how people use geographic space and often employs geographic information system technology, with the ultimate aim to inform landscape design. Studies of modern settings emphasize biodiversity conservation and represent attempts to understand human pressure on key locations of plant and animal species, as well as attempts to identify opportunities to conserve biological diversity in a world of human use and human need; currently those efforts focus on the interface of cultural-linguistic and biological diversity. Studies of past settings, both historic and prehistoric, represent efforts to understand how earlier human cultural systems modified landscapes to meet their needs and how earlier adaptive strategies affected the environments where they occurred. Although he has worked throughout the United States, most of his recent research involves international settings, with an emphasis on Africa, Latin America, and Southeast Asia. Similarly, despite emphases on a range of issues in prior inquiries, his current focus often involves human use of fresh water, village economics in rural Africa and Southeast Asia, and the role of cultural and linguistic diversity in human adaptation. All of this work aims towards developing designed environments that serve people as well as nature, as ecologically-sensitive designs become increasingly essential to human wellbeing.

Currently he is involved in research in southern Tanzania and central Mexico. The work in Tanzania occurs in the vicinity of Udzungwa Mountains National Park, in south-central Tanzania, and focuses on community design and the identification of resource harvesting patterns by local communities.  The work in Mexico focuses on the Basin of Mexico, and emphasizes prehistoric settlement patterns and historic (twentieth century) demographics and land use, among other things focusing on assessing the condition of remaining evidence of prior landscapes. Images of both of these projects, and those of earlier work in the Dominican Republic, Haiti, and Cambodia are shown in slides to the right of the page.

Funded Research

  • Private Donor, “Parks and People: Conservation of Nature and Community at Udzungwa Mountains National Park, Tanzania,” 2014, $150,000 over three years (Gorenflo is principal investigator).
  • Stuckeman Center for Design Computing, “Hybrid Studio Proposal - Digital Photo Studio,” 2010, $5,000 (Gorenflo is co-Investigator).
  • Stuckeman Center for Design Computing, “IEL Plan for Integrating Stuckeman Center for Design Computing Proposal Initiatives,” 2010, $16,000 (Gorenflo is co-Investigator).
  • Stuckeman Center for Design Computing, “Hybrid Studio Proposal - Laser-Scanner,” 2010, $15,500 (Gorenflo is co-Investigator).
  • Stuckeman School for Architecture and Landscape Architecture Collaborative Design Program, “Using Focus Groups to Refine the Irvine Minnesota Inventory (IMI) for Youth,” 2010, $4,195 (Gorenflo is co-Investigator).
  • University Office of Global Programs, Penn State University, “Parks and People: Conservation of Nature and Community Student Group/Faculty Travel Grant,” 2010, $5,000 (Gorenflo is co-principal investigator).
  • Private Donor, “Parks and People: Conservation of Nature and Community at Udzungwa Mountains National Park, Tanzania,” 2010, $250,000 over five years (Gorenflo is co-principal investigator).
  • College of Arts and Architecture, “Travel Proposal: Gorenflo and Orland to Tanzania to Finalize Research and Related Study Abroad Partnerships and Logistics,” 2010, $3,000 (Gorenflo is co-principal investigator).
  • Stuckeman Center for Design Computing, GIS, Relational Databases, and Dedicated Computing,” 2009, $26,300 (Gorenflo is co-principal investigator).
  • College of Arts and Architecture Faculty Research Grant, “Establishing a Basis for Community and Protected Area Design and Management in the Central Cardamom Protected Forest, Cambodia,” 2009, $10,398 (Gorenflo is principal investigator).
  • College of Arts and Architecture, “Graphic Support for the Volume From the Village to the Megalopolis: Urban Revolution in the Basin of Mexico, by William T. Sanders and Edward Calnek,” 2009, $1,500 (Gorenflo is principal investigator).
  • Northeast Region: Roosevelt-Vanderbilt National Historic Sites (ROVA), Saratoga National Historic Park (SARA), and Morristown National Historic Park (MORR),” 2009, $125,000 (Gorenflo is co-principal investigator).
  • President’s Fund for Research, Penn State University, “Engaging Undergraduates in the Conservation of the Prehistoric Urban Center of Teotihuacan, Mexico,” 2009, $500 (Gorenflo is principal investigator)
  • Hamer Center for Community Design, Penn State University, “Assessing Need and Potential for Sustainable Community Design Among Pueblos of Northern New Mexico,” 2009, $5,735 (Gorenflo is principal investigator).
  • Private donor, “Evaluating Udzungwa National Park, Tanzania, for Service-Learning and Study Abroad Involving Students from the Department of Landscape Architecture, Penn State University,” 2009, $11,651 (Gorenflo is co-principal investigator).
  • Institute for Arts and the Humanities, Penn State University, “Identifying Persisting Ancient Human Landscapes in the Basin of Mexico: Priorities for Research and Conservation,” 2008 ($4,000, Gorenflo is principal investigator).
  • Human Dimensions Support to the Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund (CEPF) in Analyzing the Impacts on Poverty of Conservation Investments: An Examination of Three Hotspots, 2007 ($65,000; Gorenflo led project/proposal development and managed project).
  • Foundation for the Advancement in Mesoamerican Studies, Inc., “A Seminar: Assessing Current Understanding and Charting Future Research in Basin of Mexico Archaeology,” 2006 ($7,025; co-Principal Investigator, with Ian Robertson).
  • Center for Latin American Studies, Stanford University, “The Archaeology of the Basin of Mexico in the Early 21stCentury: Assessing the State of Current Knowledge and Charting Future Research,” 2006 ($15,025; co-Principal Investigator, with Ian Robertson).
  • Human Dimensions Support to the Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund (CEPF) in Analyzing the in Analyzing Impacts on Poverty of Conservation Investments: Methodological Refinement and Extension to Six Hotspots, 2006 ($155,000; Gorenflo led project/proposal development, in collaboration with two others, and managed project).
  • Integrated support to the Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund (CEPF) on Analyzing the Association between CEPF-funded Conservation Activities and Human Welfare, 2004 ($113,000; Gorenflo led project/proposal development, in collaboration with two others, and managed project).

 

Honors + Awards

Awarded Eleanor R. Stuckman Chair in Design, Stuckeman School of Architecture and Landscape Architecture, Pennsylvania State University, 2016.

Awarded Stuckman Professorship of Innovative Design, Stuckeman School of Architecture and Landscape Architecture, Pennsylvania State University, 2014.

Exhibitions + Presentations

  • Gorenflo, L.J., B. Orland, and M. Kambi (2013). Household Resource Demands in the Vicinity of Udzungwa Mountains National Park: Preliminary Implications for Human Pressure on Biodiversity Conservation. Paper presented at the Ninth Scientific Conference of the Tanzanian Wildlife Research Institute, Arusha, Tanzania.
  • Gorenflo, L.J. (2013). Exploring the Co-occurrence of Linguistic and Biological Diversity in Tanzania. Paper presented at the Ninth Scientific Conference of the Tanzanian Wildlife Research Institute, Arusha, Tanzania.
  • Gorenflo, L.J. (2013). Linguistic Diversity in the Biodiversity Hotspots and (especially) High Biodiversity Wilderness Areas.  Paper presented at the International Union for the Conservation of Nature, Cambridge, England.
  • Gorenflo, L.J. (2013). The Human Dimensions of High Biodiversity Wilderness Areas: Changing Conditions, Emerging Threats, and Conservation Opportunities.  Paper presented at the Tenth World Wilderness Congress, Salamanca, Spain.
  • Romaine, S., and L.J. Gorenflo (2013). Linguistic Diversity in the Context of Natural UNESCO World Heritage Sites. Paper presented at the conference “Balancing Untouched Nature with Local Cultures: How to Manage Inhabited Natural Sites on UNESCO’s World Heritage List,” Cleremont-Ferrand, France.
  • Gorenflo, L.J. (2011). The Human Context of Protected Areas in Tanzania and Challenges under Changing Climate.  Paper presented at the Eighth Scientific Conference of the Tanzanian Wildlife Research Institute, Arusha, Tanzania.
  • Gorenflo, L.J., and B. Orland (2011). Human Resource Demand and Biodiversity Conservation at Udzungwa Mountains National Park, Tanzania: Challenges and Opportunities through Community Design. Paper presented at the Eighth Scientific Conference of the Tanzanian Wildlife Research Institute, Arusha, Tanzania.
  • Gorenflo, L.J., S. Romaine, R.A. Mittermeier, K. Walker, and C.G. Mittermeier, 2008. Linguistic diversity in the high biodiversity hotspots and wilderness. Invited paper presented at the National Geographic Enduring Voices Symposium “Global Mapping for Languages, Cultures and Biodiversity,” National Geographic Society, Washington, DC, 21-22 February 2008.
  • Gorenflo, L.J., 2008, Linking Conservation and Development: Implications for Human Health and Biodiversity. Invited paper (closing plenary) presented at cohab2008 “Second International Conference on Health and Biodiversity,” Galway, Ireland, 25-28 February 2008.
  • Gorenflo, L.J., 2008, Environmental Impact Analysis: Integrating Landscape Ecology to Address Ecosystem Services and Human Health. Invited paper presented at cohab2008 “Second International Conference on Health and Biodiversity,” Galway, Ireland, 25-28 February 2008.
  • Gorenflo, L.J., S. Romaine, R.A. Mittermeier, K. Walker, and C.G. Mittermeier, 2008. Linguistic diversity in the high biodiversity hotspots and wilderness. Invited paper presented at the American Museum of Natural History Symposium “Sustaining Cultural and Biological Diversity in a Rapidly Changing World: Lessons for Global Policy.” 2-5 April 2008.
  • Gorenflo, L.J., 2008. Linking Freshwater Conservation and Development. Invited paper presented at the National Council on Science and the Environment “Biodiversity in a Rapidly Changing World,” Washington, DC, 8-10 December 2008.
  • Gorenflo, L.J., 2008, Future Impacts of Water Demand in Regions of High Biodiversity. Invited paper presented at the National Council on Science and the Environment “Biodiversity in a Rapidly Changing World,” Washington, DC, 8-10 December 2008.

Publications

Selected Books/Book Chapters

  • Gorenflo, L.J., and Sanders, W.T. (2017).  Prehispanic Settlement Patterns in the Temascalapa Region, Mexico.Occasional Papers in Anthropology, Department of Anthropology, The Pennsylvania State University (forthcoming).
  • Gorenflo, L.J., and Garraty, C.P. 2017. Aztec Regional Settlement History and Chronology. In Oxford Handbook of the Aztecs, edited by D.L. Nichols and E. Rodríguez-Alegría. New York: Oxford University Press (forthcoming).
  • Parsons, J.R., and Gorenflo, L.J. (2017). Why is Aztec II Black-on-Orange Pottery so Scarce in the Zumpango Region? A Regional Perspective from the Basin of Mexico on Tula’s Collapse and its Aftermath. In A. Martinez, L. Martos, and R. Cobean (eds.) Homenaje a Alba Guadalupe Mastache Flores. Mexico City: Instituto Nacional de Anthropología e Historia (forthcoming).
  • Gorenflo, L.J. (2016). Beyond Protected Areas: Defining a New Geography for Biodiversity Conservation. In Tropical Conservation: Perspectives on Global and Local Priorities, edited by A.A. Aguirre and R. Sukumar, pp. 7-28. New York: Oxford University Press
  • Gorenflo, L.J., Romaine, S., Musinsky, S., Denil, M., and Mittermeier, R.A. (2014).  Linguistic Diversity in High Biodiversity Regions. Arlington, VA: Conservation International.
  • Gorenflo, L.J. (2012). Human Health in the Biodiversity Hotspots: Applications of Geographic Information System Technology and Implications for Conservation. In A. Aguirre, R.S. Ostfeld, and P. Dascak, (eds.),Conservation Medicine: Applied Cases of Ecological Health, pp. 505-520. New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Cincotta, R. and Gorenflo, L.J., eds. (2011). Human Population. Its Influences on Biodiversity. Berlin: Springer.
  • Cincotta, R., and Gorenflo, L.J. (2011). Introduction: Influence of Human Population on Biological Diversity. In R. Cincotta and L.J. Gorenflo (eds.), Human Population. Its Influences on Biodiversity, pp. 1-9. Ecological Studies, Vol. 214. Berlin: Springer.
  • Gorenflo, L.J. (2011). Human Demography, Land Use, and Conservation in the Apache Highlands Ecoregion, US-Mexico Borderlands.  In R. Cincotta and L.J. Gorenflo (eds.), Human Population. Its Influences on Biodiversity, pp. 153-178. Ecological Studies, Vol. 214. Berlin: Springer.
  • Gorenflo, L.J., Corson, C., Chomitz, K., Harper, G., Honzák, M., and Özler, B.. (2011). Exploring the Relationship between People and Deforestation in Madagascar.  In R. Cincotta and L.J. Gorenflo (eds.),Human Population. Its Influences on Biodiversity, pp. 197-221. Ecological Studies, Vol. 214. Berlin: Springer.
  • Parsons, J.R., and Gorenflo, L.J. (2008). The Patterning of Settlement. In J.R. Parsons (ed.) Prehispanic Settlement Patterns in the Northwestern Valley of Mexico: The Zumpango Region, pp. 61-99. Memoir 45, The University of Michigan Museum of Anthropology, Ann Arbor.
  • Smith, M.L., Farrell, T.A., and Gorenflo, L.J. (2008). Freshwater Biodiversity Conservation in the Face of Climate Change. In R.A. Mittermeier, C.G. Mittermeier, and M. Totten (eds.), Climate for Life, pp. 223-231. Mexico City: CEMEX.
  • Gorenflo, L.J., and Sanders, W.T. (2007).  Archaeological Settlement Pattern Data from the Cuautitlan, Temascalapa, and Teotihuacan Regions, Mexico.Occasional Papers in Anthropology, Number 30, Department of Anthropology, The Pennsylvania State University.
  • Sanders, W.T., and Gorenflo, L.J. (2007).  Prehispanic Settlement Patterns in the Cuautitlan Region, Mexico.Occasional Papers in Anthropology, Number 29, Department of Anthropology, The Pennsylvania State University.
  • Gorenflo, L.J., and Brandon, K. (2007).  Living in the Gaps: The Human Dimensions of Expanding the Global Protected Area System. Arlington, VA: Center for Applied Biodiversity Science (http://multimedia.conservation.org/cabs/online_pubs/living_in_gaps/cover...).
  • Gorenflo, L.J. (2002).  The Evaluation of Human Population in Conservation Planning: An Example from the Sonoran Desert Ecoregion.  Publications for Capacity Building, The Nature Conservancy, Arlington, VA.

Selected Journal Articles

  • Gorenflo, L.J., and Warner, D.B. (2016). Integrating Biodiversity Conservation and Water Development: In Search of Long-term Solutions. WIREs Water 3:301-311.
  • Gorenflo, L.J. (2015). Compilation and Analysis of Precolumbian Settlement Data in the Basin of Mexico. Ancient Mesoamerica 26:197-212.
  • Fowler, W.R., Gorenflo, L.J., and Robertson, I.G. (2015). Special Section: Taking Stock of Basin of Mexico Archaeology in the Early Twenty-First Century. Introduction. Ancient Mesoamerica 26:371-373.
  • Fowler, W.R., Robertson, I.G., and Gorenflo, L.J. (2015). Special Section: Taking Stock of Basin of Mexico Archaeology in the Early Twenty-First Century. Introduction. Ancient Mesoamerica 26:127-133.
  • McLung de Tapia, E., Tapia-McLung, R., and  Gorenflo, L.J. (2013). Biodiversity and Landscape Development in the Teotihuacan Valley, Basin of Mexico. Lessons from Ecohistory for Modern Society. Journal of Cultural Symbiosis Research 8:185-192.
  • Gorenflo, L.J., Romaine, S., Mittermeier, R.A., and Walker, K. (2012). Co-occurrence of Linguistic and Biological Diversity in Biodiversity Hotspots and High Biodiversity Wilderness Areas. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science 109(21):8032-8037.
  • Gorenflo, L.J., and Brandon, K. (2006). Key Human Dimensions of Gaps in Global Biodiversity Conservation. BioScience 56:723-731. [paper was the focus of the editorial in the same issue]
  • Gorenflo, L.J., and Brandon, K. (2005). Agricultural Capacity and Conservation in Forested Portions of Biodiversity Hotspots and Wilderness Areas.  Ambio 34:199-204.

Service

Much of Gorenflo's service activities emphasize biodiversity conservation, primarily through collaborations with Conservation International and the World Wildlife Fund in a range of field and research settings. He also reviews potential publications for a range of journals and organizations and is involved in several committees at the university and department levels.

CV + Files + Links

photo of Larry Gorenflo's work
photo of Larry Gorenflo's work
photo of Larry Gorenflo's work
photo of Larry Gorenflo's work
photo of Larry Gorenflo's work