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C. Timothy Baird
Portrait of C. Timothy Baird
Department of Landscape Architecture
326 Stuckeman

Timothy Baird is Associate Professor of Landscape Architecture at the Pennsylvania State University where he teaches design, design implementation, and the history of landscape architecture beyond Modernism. He was an Assistant Professor of Landscape Architecture at Texas Tech University prior to joining the faculty at Penn State. 


Timothy Baird received a Bachelor of Landscape Architecture degree from Louisiana State University in 1972, where he currently serves on the Director’s Advisory Council, and a Master of Landscape Architecture degree from the University of Pennsylvania in 1980. He is a member of the Citizens Advisory Committee for Facilities of the State College Area School District.


Baird’s ongoing research focuses on environmental art and designed landscapes that were commissioned in land reclamation contexts, the evolution of landscape materiality and its alternating periods of innovation and convention in material use from Modernism to the present, and sustainable design for storm, gray, and black water treatment. Before entering academia in a fulltime capacity, he practiced landscape architecture for 25 years on both coasts of the United States and in the Middle East with a variety of firms including Hargreaves Associates, Peter Walker and Partners, and Hanna/Olin, Ltd. While working with these firms he was involved in the design and management of a wide variety of award winning projects such as Crissy Field in San Francisco, the Guadalupe River Park in San Jose, CA, Louisville Waterfront Park in Louisville, KY, Vila Olimpica in Barcelona, Harima Science Garden City in Kobe, Japan, Chiswick Business Park in London, Johnson and Johnson World Headquarters in New Brunswick, NJ, the Kuwait Conference Center in Kuwait City, and the First Historic Landscape Report for the Ravine in Prospect Park, Brooklyn, New York. During this time he held part time or visiting teaching positions at Harvard University, the University of Pennsylvania, and Louisiana State University.

Professor Baird’s writing has been published in Critiques of Built Works of Landscape Architecture, Garten und Landschaft, Landscape Architecture, Landscape Design,Landscape Review, and several conference proceedings covering a diverse range of topics including historic restoration, design critique, environmental art as reclamation, the development of landscape architecture as a profession, and the form of sustainable design. Baird’s drawings and photographs have been published in Critiques of Built Works of Landscape Architecture, Garten und Landschaft, Landscape Design, Earnst and Sohn’s Terry Farrell – Urban Design, and Steiner and Thompson’s Ecological Design and Planning. He recently presented the lecture, "Herbert Bayer and the Art of Reclamation" as the keynote speaker of Channeling Herbert, the 25th anniversary celebration of Herbert Bayer’s internationally renowned Mill Creek Canyon Earthworks in Kent, Washington, presented the lecture, "Sustainable Storm Water Design on Small Urban Sites" as an invited speaker at Cornell University Cooperative Extension’s conference, The Many Shades of Green, and was appointed the Richard W. Trott Distinguished Visiting Professor at the Ohio State University in winter of 2008. Baird has been an invited critic or guest lecturer at Harvard University, the University of California at Berkeley, the University of Kentucky, the University of Arkansas, and the Ohio State University. He serves on a doctoral thesis committee at Harvard University where the topic is "Urban Stormwater Management for Large-Scale Redevelopments: A Comparison of the Effects of Consolidated and Dispersed Stormwater Detention Pond Networks on Water Quality, Runoff Volume, and Public Acceptance in Large Urbanized Catchments in the Charles River Watershed, Boston."

In addition to his teaching and scholarly pursuits, Baird continues a limited yet focused practice and has served as a consultant to Michael Van Valkenburgh Associates, Inc. in New York and Cambridge and is an Adjunct Principal at Landworks Studio, Inc. in Boston. While with Landworks Studio, he has played a pivotal role in developing their evolving body of work that reflects a commitment to proto-urban, strategic renewal efforts with aggressive ecological agendas in the design and implementation of several projects including the LEED Gold Certified Macallen Condominiums in Boston and the LEED Platinum Certified Blackstone Steam Plant Renovation on the Harvard University campus in Cambridge. He is currently involved with several projects in Washington, Philadelphia, and New York with formal strategies derived, in part, from sustainable design principles that include an array of biological treatment regimes such as bioretention, constructed wetlands, living walls, and green roofs. Since 2003 he has actively worked toward the creation of the Flight 93 National Memorial through the development and oversight of an international design competition as an appointed member of the Flight 93 National Memorial Task Force and is currently working on a film documentary of the memorial design process.

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